beautiful places

5 Brilliant Castles and Palaces in Scotland

May 27, 2015

Here is today’s list of beautiful castles, this time ones found in Scotland!

1. Linlithgow Palace

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Credit: “Am linlithgow palace south”. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

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Credit: “Am linlithgow palace north west” by Alistair McMillan. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

While already in ruins, Linlithgow Palace is still a site frequented by travelers and tourists, under the care of Historic Scotland. During the 12th century, a royal manor was on the site on which the palace now stands. This manor is later replaced by a fortification built during the 14th century under the guidance of Edward I. This site became a military base. During the 15th century, the town of Linlithgow was destroyed by fire, and King James I decided to have the Palace rebuilt for Scottish royalty. Different people – from James III, James IV, and James V – added to the structure.

2. Dunnottar Castle

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Credit: “Dunnottar Castle 2” by Eduardo Unda from Aberdeen, UK – Dunnottar Castle. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

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Credit: “Dunnottar Castle quadrangle” by niky81 – P8090912Uploaded by Jonathan Oldenbuck. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

Dunnottar Castle is a medieval fortress in Scotland, located south of Stonehaven. The buildings on the site were generally built during the 15th and 16th centuries, but the site itself dates back to the Early Middle Ages. Dunnottar Castle has played so many parts in the history of scotland, from the Jacobite risings to being the hiding place of the Scottish crown jewels, the Honours of Scotland. The area itself is surrounded by cliffs that overlook the North Sea.

3. Tantallon Castle

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Credit: “Tantallon Castle” by Lynne Kirton. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

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Credit: “The curtain wall of Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scotland, 1972″ by Phillip Capper from Wellington, New Zealand – Flickr. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

The 14th-century fortress, Tantallon Castle, is located in East Lothian, Scotland, and looks out onto the Firth of thE Forth. It is the last medieval curtain wall castle built in the country, constructed by William Douglas, the 1st Earl of Douglass. Douglas’s descendants kept it for years until it was besieged by both James IV and James V – during different times, of course. Apart from that, Tantallon Castle was also there when Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland during the 17th century, when it sustained severe damaged. The Marquis of Douglas eventually purchased it, and the site is now in the care of Historic Scotland.

4. Spynie Castle

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Credit: “David’s tower” by Bill Reid – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:David%27s_tower.jpg. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

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Credit: “Spynie armorial” by Bill Reid at the English language Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

Spynie Castle belonged to the Bishops of Moray for about half a millenium. The castle was founded in the 12th century, and was built thanks to the grants made by King William I to the Holy Trinity of the Bishopric of Moray, as the Bishops of Moray needed housing.

5. Dunfermline Palace

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Credit: “Dunfermline Palace south wall and Gatehouse” by Chiswick Chap – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons – 

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Credit: “Dunfermline Abbey gatehouse and pend, Dunfermline” by user:kilnburn. Licensed under Attribution via Wikimedia Commons – 

The former Scottish royal palace of Dunfermline is found in Dunfermline, Fife, and is, again, another castle under the care of Historic Scotland. It is also a prominent tourist destination in Dunfermline. Many Scottish monarchs loved the place – during the 11th century, Malcolm III made it his capital, and even had Malcom’s Tower built nearby. Two other monarchs, David II and James I, were born at the place. During the 16th century, James VI gave it to his wife, Anne of Denmark, after their marriage. Their three children were born there. Today, what remains of the old Dunfermline are the kitchen, the cellars, and the south wall.

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